Introduzione allo studio di Anatomia

In questo link The Human Body: An Orientation c'è una sintesi della prima lezione di Anatomia, in inglese , ma facilmente comprensibile. Le figure sono esplicative e vanno osservate.

Anatomy is the study of the structure and composition of the body, and the relationship of its parts.Microscopic anatomy is the study of body structures at the microscopic level
Physiology is the study of how the body's structures work or function.Neurophysiology is a branch of neuroscience that studies the physiology of the nervous system
cardiac physiology studies how the heart works and functions.
Homeostasis is the body's ability to maintain stable internal conditions despite any external changes. Simply put, homeostasis is the body at equilibrium. Every organ in the body plays its part in ensuring that the body maintains that balance. When the body suffers a homeostatic imbalance, illness occurs, thus homeostasis allows the body to function properly and in its best state. 

                                    Body Directions

Coronal Plane (Frontal Plane) - The vertical plane that divides the body and its parts into anterior and posterior portions.Sagittal Plane (Lateral Plane) - The vertical plane that splits the body into its right and left sides
Axial Plane (Transverse Plane) - The horizontal plane that divides the body into its upper and lower parts.
Median plane - It divides the body into right and left halves along the saigtal plane.